The British military took control of existing political structures and economies while Egypt's Ottoman rulers, the khedives, provided a facade of native autonomy. The answer to them is that it was impossible for Great Britain to allow the troops of any other power to occupy Egypt. He supported the purchase of the Suez Canal Company shares, believing it would strengthen British influence on the imperial highway between Britain and India. The Earl of Cromer: Why Britain Acquired Egypt in 1882. sourceThe Earl of Cromer, Modern Egypt, 2 Vols.,(New York: Macmillan, 1908), Vol.I.xvii-xviii.. introductionEvelyn Baring, the Earl of Cromer, served as consul-general of Egypt from 1883 to 1907.In this passage from Comer's Modern Egypt (1908), he explains the British rationale for taking control of Egypt in 1882. But the country had already been colonized by the European powers whose influence had grown considerably since the mid-nineteenth century. One clear signal for the start of the Scramble for Africa was the British takeover of Egypt in 1882. to maintain access to the Suez Canal. • Britain was in Egypt to resolve a financial problem - Reform government finances - Reform of economy, taxation, political system • Egypt would have to pay the bulk of the costs of the reconquest of the Sudan - Not the British tax-payer • British Consul-General Baring needed time - Get Egyptian finances in order - Build dams and irrigation The note had the opposite effect from that intended, producing an upsurge in anti-European feeling, a shift in leadership of the nationalist movement from the moderates in the assembly to the military, and the formation of a new government with Urabi as minister of war. Well, to quote Sir Howard Carter as he first opened King Tut's tomb: ... From 1882-1922, Britain formally occupied Egypt and controlled its government. In 1922, Egypt gained independence, but British Forces remained to … First of all when they took over Egypt, Egypt became proctectorate. In the decade after the second world war, as Britain struggled to square its diminishing empire with belt-tightening measures at home, it found time to get involved in a war in Egypt… The Wafd Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid explains how Egypt was able to at least partially extricate itself from British control in … Egypt - Egypt - Renewed European intervention, 1879–82: European domination was immediately reasserted. 3 Answers. Britain’s war with Egypt in 1882 was short-lived but had an important impact on the country’s history. The nations failing economic system and the lands strategic economic and military positioning, especially in relation to the… British seize Egypt 1882 - 1954. Nonetheless when Egypt became a British 'protectorate' in 1882 the canal likely played a large role in their interest in the country (the canal was finished in 1869). This means that when England had a war between another country, Egypts armies would help the British to win. The British felt threatened by it. Tawfik remained the khedive, the consular courts dealt justice, the administration was foreign and the British occupied the Citadel. Still have questions? he first allied with liberal reformers but later became conservative. The author of the source, being the first Earl of Cromer, gives the source a British perspective, which is significant to the reliability of the source as the source is aiming to explain the actions of the British. The British occupation started in 1882 as a result of the immense debt that Egypt had accrued to European powers, bankers and investors, and its influence continued up to the 1952 revolution. The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty signed in London in 1936 proclaimed Egypt … The British Troops remained throughout The Great War. jamardeberry84 jamardeberry84 12/02/2016 History High School Why did the British occupy Egypt in 1882 See answer mahomie2015 mahomie2015 The British occupied Egypt in 1882 … In 1922, Britain gave nominal independence to Egypt, but it was some years before an agreement was reached. 1 decade ago. Why Did the British Take over Egypt? ... Britain wanted to own Egypt to gain control of these resources, and the wealth that came with it. British troops seize control of Egypt. Answer Save. Why? Back in 1882, Britain wanted Egypt because the recently built Suez Canal would allow easy access to British colonies in India, Burma, and along the eastern coast of Africa. The source Why Britain Acquired Egypt in 1882 is a reasonably reliable and therefore useful source due to its perspective and motive. How did the politics of General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna change during his years in power? EDEXCEL GCE A-LEVEL HISTORY UNIT 35.1 Britain: Losing and Gaining an Empire, 1763–1914 The Nile Valley: 1882-1898 Reasons for intervention in Egypt 1882. The British were AGAINST the building of the canal in the 19th century. World War 1 1914. Egypt is no stranger to being ruled by outsiders. The British occupation of Egypt had some positive effects on Egypt as a country and in regards to its people. What did the British find in Egypt? It is worth considering why, by 1882, Egypt was so central to British policy-making decisions that a vast naval contingent led by General Wolseley began to fire on the port city of Alexandria and then launch a land-invasion. The imperial land grab began with the world’s most amazing engineering feat at the time, a 102-mile-canal that connected the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean through the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt. Why did the British occupy Egypt in 1882? At this point a brief context of Egypt’s … That’s why they never tried. The British ruled Egypt somewhere from 1882, when they first invaded the country in a large scale, and started their exit around 1914 actually. Lv 7. British Troops in Egypt (B.T.E.) Research published since 1961, it is suggested, does not support the view put forward by Robinson and Gallagher in their celebrated book, Africa and the Victorians, that Britain intervened reluctantly to safeguard the Suez Canal in response to disorder in Egypt, or that she was led on by French initiatives. Britain at War in Egypt and Sudan, 1882-86 Benjamin Disraeli supported the spread of empire and what he thought were the glories of British power, but he lost the elections of 1880. The British had initially opposed its construction as it was being done by a French firm. Outbreak of World War I; Egypt is sucked into the global conflict due to its colonial status under Britain. On 11 June 1882 a row over a fare between an Egyptian donkey boy and a Maltese man triggered a riot in the city in which several hundred people … The British took over Egypt for some reasons. This is his account of why the British took over Egypt in 1882. Egypt - Egypt - From the French to the British occupation (1798–1882): Although several projects for a French occupation of Egypt had been advanced in the 17th and 18th centuries, the purpose of the expedition that sailed under Napoleon I from Toulon in May 1798 was specifically connected with the war against Britain. However, in 1798, under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte, France invaded Egypt, opening the nation to Europeans, which would define the coming century for […] Under British imperialism, which began in Egypt in 1882, the nation experienced extreme hardship and a suffocation of liberties. British Occupation Period. In January 1882, Britain and France sent a joint note declaring their support for the khedive. Egypt was used as a British base from which they could carry out attacks against Turkey, and conflict occurred over possession of the Suez Canal. The Dual Control was revived, with Evelyn Baring serving as the British controller. Stuart Legg explains how and why Britain became involved in Egyptian affairs and how that involvement spilled ever further south into the deserts of Sudan. Evaluate the impact of European Imperialism on Egypt in the early twentieth century: It was in the year 1882 that Egypt was legitimately ‘acquired’ by Britain, one of Europe’s greatest powers, (The Earl of Cromer, 1908). The British first occupied the Ottoman Empire and during World War I in 1914 they started moving out. Britain was responsible […] 0 1. I don't seem to understand why they did that. The arrival of the Anglo-French naval force only served to heighten tension in the city of Alexandria. The British occupied Egypt in 1882, but they did not annex it: a nominally independent Egyptian government continued to operate. In 1517, the Ottoman Empire formally, took control of Egypt, a control which would last until 1867, when it became a khedivate. By the Law of Liquidation (July 1880), the annual revenues were divided into two approximately equal portions, one of which was assigned to the Caisse de la Dette, the other to the Egyptian government. Egypt may now almost be said to form part of Europe. That there was some truth in Milner's description of Egypt's position on the eve of Britain's invasion is clear from the broad outlines of Britain's nineteenth century involvement with Egypt. Why did the British control Egypt in 1882? It was the French, who came up with it. The first British Troops came to Egypt in 1882 to suppress a nationalist military uprising against the Turkish Sultan. Many contemporaries doubted neither the necessity nor the ultimate success of Britain's intervention in Egypt, designed to overcome the economic and political crisis of 1875–82. Relevance. The British occupation had no physical changes on Cairo since the British had been ruling Egypt indirectly for years. This article offers a reassessment of Britain's decision to occupy Egypt in 1882. When it became apparent that some foreign occupation was necessary, that the Sultan would not act save under conditions which were impossible of acceptance, and that neither French nor Italian cooperation could be secured, the British government acted with promptitude and vigor. was a pre-war Command. brainstorm. Why did the British occupy Egypt in 1882 Get the answers you need, now! Many had been unhappy with him for having raised taxes and unhappy over the cost of military operations. The answer to them is that it was impossible for Great Britain to allow the troops of any other power to occupy Egypt. 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